Exodus

THE WORD EXODUS means simply “exit,” so named after the central event in the book, when God delivered the children of Israel from their slavery in Egypt. Exodus begins with the word “now,” which could also be translated “and.” It is just the continuation of Genesis, as Moses chronicled the history of the nation of Israel. Some so-called scholars question Exodus’ authorship, but I’ll take the word of Jesus when He quoted from Exodus and called it “the book of Moses” (Mark 12:26). Genesis ended with the sons of Jacob moving to Egypt to escape the famine in the land of Canaan. Exodus picks up the story four hundred years later as the children of Israel became slaves in Egypt. During this time, they had multiplied as a people to the extent that the seventy people who originally went to Egypt had become over two million. The life of Moses is divided into three periods of forty years. He spent the first forty years of his life living in the house of the Pharaoh as the adopted son of the Pharaoh’s daughter. For the next forty years, he lived in the wilderness, as God was preparing him to deliver Israel from slavery in Egypt. Then, for the last forty years, he was the leader of Israel.